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时间:2018/4/23 1:27:34 点击:

  核心提示: 英国广播公司网站4月18日刊登《中国核聚变发电技术会成为世界第一吗?》的报道称,在世界对能源的需求不断...
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英国广播公司网站4月18日刊登《中国核聚变发电技术会成为世界第一吗?》的报道称,在世界对能源的需求不断增加,但对环境的破坏也相对加剧时,中国的科学家们正在引领开发被一些人视为“圣杯”的能源。BBC记者麦克唐奈到安徽采访了平时不易进入的厂房。文章摘编如下:

Broadcasting British Corporation website published in April 18th "China's nuclear fusion power generation technology will become the world's first?" According to the report, Chinese scientists are leading the development of energy that some people see as the "Holy Grail" when the world's demand for energy is increasing, but the damage to the environment is also increasing. BBC reporter Mcdonnell went to Anhui to interview the factory which was not easy to enter at ordinary times. The article is abstracted as follows:

  想象一下几乎没有任何实质浪费就能产生无限的能源——这就是核聚变的崇高承诺。

  在安徽省合肥市西郊的“科学岛”上有一座闪闪发亮的巨型圆圈,被装在一个约等同于两座楼高的大型圆盒中,这是全超导托卡马克核聚变实验装置(简称EAST)。

  在装置中,氢原子融合成氦,氦能够聚集比太阳核心高出数倍的热能。

  反应由强大的电池控制。如果维持得当,一天能产生大量的电。

 

Imagine that virtually no waste of substance can generate unlimited energy, which is the noble commitment of nuclear fusion.

On the "Science Island" of the western suburbs of Hefei, Anhui, there is a gleaming giant circle in a large round box, about two towers, the superconducting tokamak nuclear fusion experiment device (EAST).

In the device, hydrogen atoms fuse into helium, and helium can gather several times more heat than the core of the sun.

The reaction is controlled by a powerful battery. If properly maintained, a large amount of electricity can be generated every day.

  世界上许多国家都致力掌握聚变技术,美国、日本、韩国、巴西和欧盟都在努力,但没有一个团队能像安徽的团队一样保持核聚变的稳定性。

  现在它是100秒,每年越变越长。在安徽,科学家们已经开始讨论将目标放在延长十倍的时间,温度在摄氏1亿度。

  但自从苏联1950年代早期开始核聚变技术以来,科学家和工程师一直没有成功是有原因的。

  因为那真的非常困难。

 

Many countries in the world are committed to nuclear fusion technology, the United States, Japan, South Korea, Brazil and the European Union are working hard, but no team can maintain the stability of nuclear fusion as a team in Anhui.

It is now 100 seconds, and the longer each year. In Anhui, scientists have begun to talk about prolonging their target by ten times, at 100 million degrees Celsius.

But since the Soviet Union started nuclear fusion technology in the early 1950s, scientists and engineers have been unsuccessful for a reason.

Because it's really very difficult.

  在受到控制的环境中保持有限的核聚变反应在过去50年间已经证明可行,但核聚变的持续时间仍远远短于能转变成大量热能所需的时间。

  EAST系统是源于俄罗斯设计的加强版。

  在我们采访这天,我们在控制室见证了现场的辩论。有泄漏问题——不是物质外泄而是空气被吸入内部的真空——科学家们必须找出解决方法。

  另一个组用对讲机联络控制室。他们围绕着EAST的管线、电力机房和梯子寻找漏洞并修补。

 

A limited nuclear fusion reaction in a controlled environment has been proven to be feasible over the past 50 years, but the duration of nuclear fusion is still far shorter than the time needed to transform into a large amount of heat.

The EAST system is a strengthened version of the Russian design.

On the day of our interview, we witnessed the debate on the spot in the control room. The problem of leakage is not the leakage of matter, but the fact that air is sucked into the internal vacuum - scientists must find solutions.

The other group contacted the control room with a walkie talkie. They look for loopholes and fix them around EAST's pipelines, power rooms and ladders.

  中科院等离子所副所长宋云涛说:“核聚变反应堆与裂变反应堆比起来已经相对安全,磁局限融合可以控制聚变。我可以关掉电源,这是无比安全的,不会造成任何核危机。”

  现在的核反应依赖的是裂变和原子分裂,其结果会留下有毒废弃物,必须要被储存在安全的地方也许长达数千年。

  而核聚变核电厂是将两个核融合成一个核,然后圆圈内墙的磁力(被称为电浆)在巨大的管线内部产生反应。

Song Yuntao, deputy director of the Chinese Academy of Sciences's plasma Institute, said: "nuclear fusion reactors are relatively safe compared with fission reactors. Fusion of magnetic confinement can control fusion. I can turn off the power, which is extremely safe and will not cause any nuclear crisis. "

The nuclear reaction now depends on fission and atomic splitting, which results in toxic waste and must be stored in a safe place for thousands of years.

The fusion nuclear power plant is to fuse two cores into one core, and then the magnetic force inside the inner wall of the circle (called plasma) reacts inside the huge pipeline.

 

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